In vitro Antifungal Activity of Plant Extracts, Hydrolates and Essential Oils of Some Medicinal Plants and Control of Cucumber Anthracnose

Amanda P. Mattos *

Department of Agronomy, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790 - Zona 7, Maringá-PR, 87020-900, Brazil.

Fabricio P. Povh

Department of Agronomy, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790 - Zona 7, Maringá-PR, 87020-900, Brazil.

Bruna B. Rissato

Department of Agronomy, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790 - Zona 7, Maringá-PR, 87020-900, Brazil.

Vítor V. Schwan

Department of Agronomy, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790 - Zona 7, Maringá-PR, 87020-900, Brazil.

Kátia R. F. Schwan-Estrada

Department of Agronomy, State University of Maringa, Av. Colombo, 5790 - Zona 7, Maringá-PR, 87020-900, Brazil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: This study is aimed to evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity effect of the crude aqueous extract (CAE), hydrolate (HY) and essential oil (EO) of Corymbia citriodora, Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon flexuosus and Curcuma longa against the phytopathogenic fungi Alternaria steviae, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Sclerotium rolfsii, and assess, in situ, the effectiveness of CAE of medicinal plants in reducing the severity of the cucumber anthracnose.

Methodology: The EOs and HYs were obtained by hydrodistillation. The CAEs were prepared by the turbolysis method. Mycelial growth of the fungi was measured daily, by the diametrically opposite method. In the in vivo test, the CAEs were sprayed on the cotyledon leaves of healthy cucumber plants with three days after were inoculated with C. lagenarium. The severity of assessment of the disease was based on a scale of notes.

Results: The medicinal plants studied showed antifungal activity against all or almost all pathogens. In general, treatment with CAE and HY of C. longa revealed the highest inhibition against the fungi tested. With the exception of the EO of C. longa, the other EOs showed total inhibition against all the fungi and in all the concentrations tested. Compared to control, in in vivo assays CAE of C. citratus presents a potential for control of cucumber anthracnose reducing the severity of the disease.

Conclusion: The medicinal plants studied produce compounds associated with antimicrobial activity.

Keywords: Alternative control, bioassays, natural plant product, Cucumis sativus.


How to Cite

P. Mattos, A., P. Povh, F., B. Rissato, B., V. Schwan, V., & Schwan-Estrada, K. R. F. (2019). In vitro Antifungal Activity of Plant Extracts, Hydrolates and Essential Oils of Some Medicinal Plants and Control of Cucumber Anthracnose. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 28(4), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2019/v28i430139

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