Review of Traditional Plants from Toliara Province in Southern Madagascar for the Treatment of Diabetes and Cancer

Jean Hugues Razafimahatratra *

Département de Chimie, Université de Toliara, Madagascar, Institut d’Enseignement Supérieur du Menabe, Université de Toliara, Madagascar and Institut d’Enseignement Supérieur de Toliara, Université de Toliara, Madagascar.

Carène Hanitriniaina

Département de Chimie, Université de Toliara, Madagascar and Institut d’Enseignement Supérieur du Menabe, Université de Toliara, Madagascar.

Silvère Soavina

Département de Chimie, Université de Toliara, Madagascar.

Solofoniaina Razafimahefa

Institut d’Enseignement Supérieur Antsirabe Vakinankaratra, Université d’Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Vincent Lequart

Univ Artois, UniLaSalle, Unité Transformations & Agroressources – ULR7519, 62408 Béthune, France.

Christian Manjovelo

Département de Chimie, Université de Toliara, Madagascar and Institut d’Enseignement Supérieur de Toliara, Université de Toliara, Madagascar.

Patrick Martin

Univ Artois, UniLaSalle, Unité Transformations & Agroressources – ULR7519, 62408 Béthune, France.

Ruphin Fatiany

Département de Chimie, Université de Toliara, Madagascar.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

In all countries, plants have always been and still are used for their health benefits as part of traditional medicine. The same is true of Madagascar, which also boasts considerable biodiversity, including plants that are totally endemic to the country. Our study aims to identify medicinal plants traditionally used to treat diabetes and cancer in the province of Toliara in Madagascar. At the end of the survey we carried out with the local population, using pre-established questionnaires, 34 plants were identified. Thus, among the species recorded, Myrothamnus moschatus, Zanthoxylum decaryi and Calotropis procera were targeted. These are multi-use species, they are used respectively to treat convulsion, hypertension and healing. Among the three species studied, two are endemic to Madagascar (Myrothamnus moschatus and Zanthoxylum decaryi), however the third is introduced. This study has enabled us to demonstrate the importance of ethnobotanical investigation in the field of research. The identification of these three species provides us with a basis for phytochemical development.

Keywords: medicinal plants, Myrothamnus moschatus, Zanthoxylum decaryi, Calotropis procera, ethnobotany


How to Cite

Razafimahatratra , Jean Hugues, Carène Hanitriniaina, Silvère Soavina, Solofoniaina Razafimahefa, Vincent Lequart, Christian Manjovelo, Patrick Martin, and Ruphin Fatiany. 2023. “Review of Traditional Plants from Toliara Province in Southern Madagascar for the Treatment of Diabetes and Cancer”. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 34 (12):1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2023/v34i11-121171.

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