European Journal of Medicinal Plants <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>European Journal of Medicinal Plants (ISSN: 2231-0894)</strong> is dedicated to publish&nbsp;high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/EJMP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;in all areas of medicinal plants research including plant growth and development, agronomic management, plant nutrition, plant physiology, cell biology, molecular biology, biotechnology, medicinal properties, phytochemical constituents, fitoterapia, pharmacognosy, essential oils, ehnopharmacology and phytomedicine. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (European Journal of Medicinal Plants) (European Journal of Medicinal Plants) Sat, 05 Sep 2020 06:00:21 +0000 OJS 60 Phytochemical Characterization and In vitro Effects of Extracts Produced from Different Maytenus ilicifolia Matrices on the Activity of Intestinal Disaccharidases <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Maytenus ilicifolia</em> Mart. Ex Reiss, Celastraceae, popularly known as “espinheira-santa” is traditionally used to treat gastrointestinal disorders and diabetes. However, studies proving efficacy for the treatment of diabetes are scarce. Furthermore, it is believed that the presence of chemical constituents responsible for pharmacological activity may be affected by environmental variations. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the occurrence of variations in chemical composition, total polyphenol content, total tannin, antioxidant and antidiabetic activity <em>in vitro</em> for different matrices of <em>M. ilicifolia</em>.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Chemical characterization was determined by CG-MS. Total polyphenol and total tannin contents were determined by spectrophotometer readings using standard gallic acid and tannic acid curves, respectively. <em>In vitro</em> antioxidant potential was determined by reducing the DPPH radical. <em>In vitro</em> antidiabetic activity was determined by inhibiting intestinal disaccharidases (maltase, sucrase and lactase) from a commercial glucose measurement kit produced by incubating intestinal homogenates with their substrates.</p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The results indicated the presence of variations in the chemical constituents and their concentrations, the total polyphenol content, total tannins and the <em>in vitro</em> antioxidant activity among the different tested extracts of <em>M. ilicifolia</em>. It is believed that these variations may be responsible for the differences found in inhibition of disaccharidases for the three intestinal enzymes.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Extracts 116 and 122 showed the best results in disaccharidase inhibition, however further studies are needed to investigate the results and reproducibility <em>in vivo.</em></p> Monica S. Z. Schindler, Carine Frozza, Gabriela Anzollin, Jean F. F. Calisto, André L. Radünz, Márcio P. Mariot, Jacir Dal Magro, Leila Zanatta ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 22 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Review on Herbal Remedies for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) from Melghat Region of Maharashtra State, India <p>Melghat means "<em>meeting of ghats</em>" region well known for "<em>Melghat Tiger Reserve (MTR)</em>" located in the north-western compact block of Amravati district in Maharashtra state, India. This literature review aimed to compile and document the herbal remedies for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) as Gonorrhoea, anti-HIV Leucorrhoea, Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STDs), and Syphilis in Melghat region. A total of 167 medicinal plant species from Melghat distributed among 137 genera, and 66 families have complied for Gonorrhea (103), Syphilis (85), Leucorrhoea (84), anti-HIV (10), and STD (01). Plant families like Lythraceae (17 species), Malvaceae (11 species), Moraceae (8 species), Euphorbiaceae (8 species), Acanthaceae (6 species), Amaranthaceae (6 species), Verbenaceae (6 species), were most frequently occurred in the study. Trees represented 34.13% of species, followed by Herbs (32.33%), Shrubs (20.95%), Climbers (10.17%), Grasses (1.19%), Orchids (0.59%) and Aquatic (0.59%). Leaves were the most commonly used plant parts; it accounts 19% followed by roots (18%), whole plant (13%), bark (13%), seeds (7%), fruits (6%), stem (5%), flowers (5%), etc. Curated data presented as botanical names, families, local names, habitat, floristic area (in Melghat), ailments, part used with relevant ethnobotanical citations were documented and thus offers scope for researchers engaged in herbal drug discovery and development.</p> Nitin M. Atre, Dinesh D. Khedkar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 05 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Clean Technologies for Obtaining Biocomposites of Brazilian Ginseng Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen: A Review <p>The Brazilian ginseng <em>Pfaffia glomerata</em> (Spreng.) Pedersen belongs to the <em>Amaranthaceae</em> family and has as its main component β-ecdysone, a phytoecdysteroid, found in the roots, stem, flowers and leaves of the plant. In the last years sustainability and the environment concern were decisive for the emerging supercritical fluid extraction and pressurized fluid extraction technologies to obtain biocomposites from the plant. These extraction technologies use solvents (CO<sub>2</sub>, ethanol and water) and uses as controllable parameters pressure, flow, time and temperature. The combination of these factors generates atoxicity, no residue in the final extract and have a reduced energy cost and an excellent extraction yield. This work reviews the literature from 2007 to 2020 on the use of clean technology to obtain chemical biocomposites of interest in the areas of biology, agronomy, food and pharmaceutics. It is was concluded that the supercritical fluid extraction and pressurized liquid extraction extracts were very efficient in obtaining β-ecdysone, since both presents low energy consumption, uses environmentally correct solvents which reduces harmful effects on the environment. Finally, to choose the best technology for extraction of other biocomposites depends on the chemical compound of interest.</p> Charlini Balastreri Dorta de Oliveira, Otávio Akira Sakai ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 07 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000