Vigor of Java Plum Seedlings, in the Presence and Absence of Mucilage Submitted to Different Substrates

Main Article Content

Joaquim Pereira Carvalho
Helber Véras Nunes
Daniella Inácio Barros
Evandro Alves Ribeiro
João Henrique da Silva Luz
Layssa Gabrielly Barbosa Garcia Ramos
Paulo Victor Gomes Sales
Ricardo Alencar Liborio
Bruno Henrique Di Napoli Nunes

Abstract

Java plum (Syzygium cumini L. Skeels) originates from Asia and has adapted very well to soil conditions and climate in Brazil, becoming spontaneous in the Northeast region. Still, there is no large commercial production in the country, since information related to planting, plant management, post-harvest management, and fruit processing is limited and vague. The production of quality seedlings depends on several factors, and the composition of the substrates is a factor of great importance, because the germination of the seeds, the beginning of the roots and the rooting are directly linked to the constitution of the substrate. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of the Tocantins, at a city of Gurupi/TO. For this, Java plum seeds were used directly removed from the fruits, which were collected in the same period. The substrates used were: Washed Sand; Black Soil; Black Soil + Worm Humus + Commercial Substrate and Commercial Substrate + Washed Sand + Pine Bark, in the presence and absence of mucilage. The highest values of root length and length of shoot, in the presence and absence of mucilage, were obtained in the substrates of BS (10 and 13 cm) (8.7 and 9.3 cm), BS + WH + CS (9.3 and 12.4 cm) (8.2 and 9.5 cm) and CS + WS + PB (9 and 11 cm) (8.6 and 10.6 cm), respectively. Regarding the first emergency count and seedling emergence, once again the CS + WS + PB (20 and 56.2%) (51.2 and 90%), in the presence and absence of mucilage, respectively. It was concluded that the removal of the mucilage in Java plum seeds provided better performance in all substratum and the commercial substrate + washed sand + pine bark provided greater viability and vigor.

Keywords:
Viability, vigor, java plum, substrates, seeds.

Article Details

How to Cite
Carvalho, J. P., Nunes, H. V., Barros, D. I., Ribeiro, E. A., Luz, J. H. da S., Ramos, L. G. B. G., Sales, P. V. G., Liborio, R. A., & Nunes, B. H. D. N. (2020). Vigor of Java Plum Seedlings, in the Presence and Absence of Mucilage Submitted to Different Substrates. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 31(2), 45-49. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2020/v31i230216
Section
Original Research Article

References

Lorenzi H, Bacher L, Lacerda M, Sartori S. Brazilian and Exotic Cultivated Fruits. 2006;160.

Backes M, Kampf AN. Substrate based on urban waste compost for the production of ornamental plants. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira. 1991;26(5):753–8.

Faria AF, Marques MC, Mercadante AZ. Identification of bioactive compounds from Syzygium cumini and antioxidant capacity evaluation in different pH conditions. Food Chem. 2011;126(4):1571–8.

Nile SH, Park SW. Edible berries: Bioactive components and their effect on human health. Nutrition. 2014;30:134–44.

Ayyanar M, Subash-Babu P. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels: A review of its phytochemical constituents and traditional uses. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedicine Press. 2012;2:240–6.

Lima LA, Siani AC, Brito FA, Sampaio ALF, Henriques M das GMO, Riehl CA da S. Correlation of anti-inflammatory activity with phenolic content in the leaves of Syzygium cumini (l.) Skeels (Myrtaceae). Quim Nov. 2007;30(4):860–4.

Boiler MVWI, Schumacher MV, Barichello LR, Vogel HLM, Oliveira L da S. Smith depending on different doses of vermicompost. Forest. 2000;28(1):19–30.

Silva RP da, Peixoto JR, Junqueira NTV. Influence of different substrates on the development of sour passion fruit seedlings (Passiflora edulis sims f. Flavicarpa deg). Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura. 2001;23(2):377–81.

Smiderle OJ, Salibe AB, Hayashi AH, Minami K. Production of lettuce, cucumber and pepper seedlings on substrates combining sand, soil and Plantmax®. Hortic Bras. 2001;19(3):253–7.

Wedge AM, Sarmento RA, Amaral JFT. Effect of different substrates on the development of seedlings of Acacia sp. Soc Investig Florestais. 2006;30(2):207–14.

Vieira RD, Carvalho NM de. Seed vigor tests. Embrapa. 1994;164.

BRAZIL. Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply. Rules for Seed Analysis Brasília: Map / AC. 2009;399.

Cox JEK. Garcinia mangostana - mangosteen. The propagation of tropical fruit trees. Commonw Bur Hortic and Plant Crop [Internet]. 1976;361–75.
[cited 2020 Feb 5]
Available:https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/mangosteen.html.

Martins CM, Vasconcellos MADS, Vieira CAR, Carvalho MG de. Phytochemical prospecting of yellow passion fruit seeds aril and influence on seed germination. Rural Scien. 2010; 40(9):1934–40.

Notaro KA, Souza BM, Silva AO, Da Silva MM, Medeiros EV, Duda GP. Rhizospheric microbial population, availability ofnutrients and growth of pine, on substrates with organic residues. Rev Bras Ciencias Agrar. 2012;7(SUPPL):770–6.

Aquino AM, Loureiro D. Minhocultura. Embrapa Seropédica Agrobiology. 2004; 39;2:2.

Araújo-Neto SE, Azevedo JMA de, Galvão RO, Oliveira EBL, Ferreira RLF. Production of organic pepper seedlings with different Organic substrates. Rural Science. 2009;39(5):1408–13.

Godoy WI, Farinacio D, Davoglio AP, Assmann AP, Zílio C, Vottri M. Evaluation of alternative substrates for the production of tomato seedlings. Rev Bras Agroecol. 2007;2(2):1127–30.