Assessment of Growth Characteristics of Medicinal Plants Ocimum tenuiflorum L. and Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. Under Shade Net and Open Conditions
European Journal of Medicinal Plants,
Aim: To study the effect of shade net on the growth characteristics of two medicinal plants viz., Tulsi and Indian Borage in terms of plant height, number of leaves, leaf area and flowering in relation to open condition.
Place and Duration of Study: Lawspet, Puducherry, India between June 2018 and October 2018.
Methodology: Tulsi and Indian Borage plants were grown in similar type of soil. The potted plants were kept in open, 35% and 75% shade net conditions and studied for 3 months. The plant height, number of leaves, and leaf area were measured including number of inflorescence branches for Tulsi.
Results: The average air temperature was lower under shade net. Relative humidity was more in shade net conditions with maximum in 75% shade and least in open conditions. The number of leaves of Tulsi and Indian Borage recorded was maximum when grown under 35% shade and least in open conditions. Plant height was maximum in 75% shade for Tulsi and 35% shade in Indian Borage and least in open conditions on both the cases. Leaf area was maximum for both Tulsi and Indian Borage in 75% shade.
Conclusion: Growth of the two medicinal plants was influenced by the microclimate conditions. The present study shows that the medicinal plants can be grown in shade net conditions to increase the yield of medicinally useful parts.
- Medicinal plants
- Indian borage
- shade net effect
- growth characteristics.
How to Cite
Malik AR, Siddique MAA, Sofi PA, Butola JS. Ethnomedicinal practices and conservation status of medicinal plants of North Kashmir Himalayas. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2011;5:515-530.
Newman DJ, Cragg GM. Natural products as sources of new drugs over the 30 years from 1981 to 2010. J. Nat. Prod. 2012; 75:311-25.
De Luca V, Salim V, Atsumi SM, Yu F. Mining the biodiversity of plants: A revolution in the making. Science. 2012; 336:1658-61.
Palhares RM, Gonçalves Drummond M, Dos Santos Alves Figueiredo Brasil B, Pereira Cosenza G, das Graças Lins Brandão M, Oliveira G. Medicinal plants recommended by the world health organization: DNA barcode identification associated with chemical analyses guarantees their quality. PLoS One. 2015; 10(5):e0127866. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0127866
Dawa S, Gurmeet P, Dolma T, Angdus T, Stobgais T, Tharpa T. Status of medicinal and aromatic plants in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018;7(12):2597-615.
Planning Commission, Government of India. Report of the task force on conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants; 2000.
Chen SL, Yu H, Luo HM, Wu Q, Li CF, Steinmetz A. Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants: Problems, progress and prospects. Chin Med. 2016; 11:37.
Pandey MM, Rastogi S, Rawat AKS. Indian traditional Ayurvedic system of medicine and nutritional supplementation, Evidence based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013;10.
National Medicinal Plants Board GOI. Available:https://www.nmpb.nic.in/
Castellano S, Scarascia, GM, Russa G, Briassoulis D, Mistriotis A, Hemming SS, Waaijenberg D. Plastic nets in agriculture: a general review of types and applications Appl. Eng. Agric. 2008;24:799-808.
Al-Helal IM, Abdel-Ghany AM. Responses of plastic shading nets to global and diffuse PAR transfer: Optical properties and evaluation. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. 2010;57(2):125-132.
Pandey G, Sharma M. Pharmacological activities of Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi): A review. Int. J. Pharma. Sci. Rev. 2014; 61(1):61-64.
Arumugam G, Swamy MK, Sinniah UR. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng: Botanical, phytochemical, pharmacological and nutritional significance. Molecules. 2016;21(4):369. DOI:10.3390/molecules21040369
Yadav SK, Babu S, Yadav MK, Singh K, Yadav GS, Pal S. A review of organic farming for sustainable agriculture in Northern India. International Journal of Agronomy. 2013;8.
Heady HF. The measurement and value of plant height in the study of herbaceous vegetation. Ecology. 1957;38(2):313- 320.
Jones MB. Plant Microclimate. In: Coombs J, Hall DO, Long SP, Scurlock JMO, editors. Techniques in Bioproductivity and Photosynthesis. 2nd ed. Pergamon; 1985.
Sah AK, Vijaysimha M, Mahamood Md. The Tulsi, Queen of Green Medicines: Biochemistry and Pathophysiology – A Review. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 2018;50(2):106-14.
Behera P, Sahoo N, Chandrakar D. Studies on biometric parameters and water requirement of medicinal plants under an agro-shade net irrigated with Micro-sprinklers in Coastal Odisha. J. Indian Soc. Coastal agric. Res. 2016;34(1):46-50.
Abstract View: 1345 times
PDF Download: 651 times