Effect of Rhustox on Micropropagation of Scoparia dulcis L. through Leaf Explants Culture

Main Article Content

Sayema Zeya
Maheshwar Prasad Trivedi

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effect of Rhus toxicodendron (30CH) along with different compositions of phytohormones (Auxin and Cytokinin) on the basis of  growth and multiplication of explants under optimum temperature under in-vitro conditions.

Study Design: To establish and design the standard protocol for the in-vitro propagation through leaf explant of Scoparia dulcis  under stress of phytohormones and homeopathic medicine Rhus toxicodendron (30CH).

Place and Duration of Study: The plant materials were  procured from the Herbal Botanical Garden Patna Science College, Department of Botany, Patna University, Patna, Bihar. The experimental part was carried out in Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, between December 2017 to August 2018  in Department of  Botany P.U. Patna.

Methodlogy: The sterilized leaf explants were inoculated into MS media fortified with different phytohormones  (Auxin and Cytokinin) and Rhus tox(30CH) under aseptic environmental conditions for the growth and development of callus, embryoids etc.

Result: The explants in MS medium supplemented with auxins phytohormones and Rhus tox(30CH) exhibited that IAA (0.10 to 2.0 mg/l) and BAP (0.10 to 2.5 mg/l)  induces green and compact calli. Whereas at 0.30mg/l of IAA and 0.50 mg/l BAP induced brown friable calli. 2,4-D (1.5 mg/l) and Kinetin (1.5-6.5mg/l) concentrations induced brown and friable calli. Rhus tox(30CH) (100 µl/100 ml) enhances  proliferation with 2,4-D and Kinetin (1.5/1.5 mg/l.).

Conclusion:  After 42 days of culture initiation and establishment the callus was 520.0±1.12 mg in the mixture of 2,4-D and Kinetin (1.5 mg/l) in Rhus tox free medium. Whereas weight of callus were found to be 1092±0.74 mg after 42 days in the same medium of 2, 4-D and Kinetin (1.5/5.5 mg/l) supplemented with Rhus tox (100 µl/100 ml). Hence, the investigation proponded that the Rhus tox (CH30) has increased the rate of callus development and plantlet regeneration.

Keywords:
Rhus toxicodendron (30CH), Scoparia dulcis, micropropagation, leaf explants, IAA, BAP, Kinetin.

Article Details

How to Cite
Zeya, S., & Trivedi, M. P. (2019). Effect of Rhustox on Micropropagation of Scoparia dulcis L. through Leaf Explants Culture. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 29(4), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2019/v29i430162
Section
Original Research Article

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