European Journal of Medicinal Plants <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>European Journal of Medicinal Plants (ISSN: 2231-0894)</strong> is dedicated to publish&nbsp;high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/EJMP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;in all areas of medicinal plants research including plant growth and development, agronomic management, plant nutrition, plant physiology, cell biology, molecular biology, biotechnology, medicinal properties, phytochemical constituents, fitoterapia, pharmacognosy, essential oils, ehnopharmacology and phytomedicine. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US European Journal of Medicinal Plants 2231-0894 Effect of Consumption of Aqueous Extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa and Azadirachta indica during Pregnancy and Lactation on Body Weight Changes in Rats <p>Extracts of <em>Hibiscus sabdariffa</em> (HS) and <em>Azadirachta indica</em> (AI) are widely used in Nigeria for medicinal purposes and have also been shown to affect weight changes anecdotally through mechanisms not yet defined. There are reports of decreased food consumption and weight gain in rats consuming HS extracts as the drinking solutions but there is paucity of data on the effect of these two extracts, administered by gavage, on weight changes during pregnancy and lactation. This study was therefore designed to investigate this in relation to food and fluid intake. 40 pregnant rats weighing 150-200 g were used for this study. They were divided into three groups: control, HS and AI groups. HS and AI groups were subdivided into two subgroups of low and high doses. Extract administration was orally by gavage and commenced on day 1 of pregnancy and ended on postnatal day 21. Food and fluid consumption were monitored throughout pregnancy and lactation. The results showed that the aqueous extract of HS and AI increased consumption of food and fluid during pregnancy and lactation, increased maternal weight gain during pregnancy and lactation. From the results of the present study, it can be concluded that consumption of aqueous extracts of HS and AI during pregnancy and lactation increased fluid and food intake and weight gain of dams with a possible potential to accelerate weight loss or decrease postpartum weight retention during lactation.</p> Ephraim E. Ekanem Iyare O. Cordilia Charles, O. Ezeh Pearl A. Okeke Nkiru A. Katchy Deborah B. Adeniyi Iyare E. Eghosa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-11 2019-09-11 1 10 10.9734/ejmp/2019/v29i130144 Effect of Alcoholic Extracts of Cymbopogon citratus upon the Control of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in vitro and upon the Post-harvest Quality of Guavas <p><strong>Aims: </strong>This work aimed at evaluating the effects of ethanolic and methanolic extracts of lemongrass upon the control <em>in vitro</em> of <em>Colletotrichum gloeosporioides</em> and upon the post-harvest quality of guavas “Paluma”.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> We analyzed the inhibition of mycelial growth and sporulation of the pathogen at different concentrations of the extracts (8%; 5%; 3%; 1.5% and 0.5%). In the post-harvest assay, the guavas were treated by immersion in distilled water, ethanolic and methanolic extracts (1%; 0.5% and 0.25%) and stored at 25ºC ± 2ºC for eight days. We evaluated mass loss, total soluble solids, total titratable acidity, ratio, reducing and non-reducing sugars, ascorbic acid and pH and the incidence of anthracnose.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> In the test <em>in vitro</em>, the pathogen growth inhibition was dose-dependent and the sporulation was completely inhibited upon higher concentrations of extract. At post-harvest, the fruits maintained their physicochemical characteristics, and the treatments were not efficient at retarding fruit ripening. Although the tested treatments inhibited the plant pathogen <em>C. gloesporioides in vitro</em>, they were not efficient at controlling the disease <em>in vivo</em>.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The extracts showed control <em>in vitro </em>of <em>C. gloeosporioides</em> at 8%. However, the extracts were not effective at controlling the disease after harvest.</p> Ana P. F. A. Santos Amanda P. Mattos Adriana T. Itako João B. Tolentino Júnior Gabriela S. Moura Kátia R. F. Schwan-Estrada ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-14 2019-09-14 1 8 10.9734/ejmp/2019/v29i130145 Phytochemical Analysis of Algal Species Found in Sutrapada Coastal Region of Gujarat <p>The aim of the present study is to assess the phytochemicals of nine marine algae species which is further divided in to three classes. The qualitative phytochemical analysis was done on nine different algae species of Saurashtra coastal belt in Gujarat. For the qualitative phytochemical analysis total 16 different parameters were analyzed on algae species. Extracts prepared in two solvents viz., chloroform extract (CE) and acetone-water extract (AWE). Amongst the two different extracts, acetone water extract showed the presence of maximum number of phytochemical compounds. Next to that, acetone, water extract showed steroid, glycosides, tannin, protein and flavonoids compounds were present in all algae species. The presence of tannins, steroid, glycosides, reducing sugar, protein and flavonoids were observed in two extracts of three algal classes.</p> Kamlesh Gadhvi Parth Depani Ridhdhi Karangiya Suhas Vyas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-16 2019-09-16 1 9 10.9734/ejmp/2019/v29i130146