Removal of Copper Using Activated Carbon Adsorbent and Its Antibacterial Antifungal Activity

Main Article Content

K. Kayalvizhi
N. M. I. Alhaji

Abstract

Batch adsorption equilibrium of Cu (II) was studied by using saw dust Chitosan composite beads. Experiments were performed at different pH, various concentrations of adsorbent and adsorbate, agitation speed, contact time for adsorption of Cu (II). Adsorption capacity and percentage removal were calculated. Thermodynamics parameters such as ∆H, ∆S, were calculated. The result shows that Chitosan composite charcoal bead is a good adsorbent for Cu (II) removal. For the activated carbon adsorbent antibacterial and antifungal activity have analyzed and reported.

Keywords:
Activated carbon adsorbent, adsorbate, removal of copper and chitosan.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kayalvizhi, K., & Alhaji, N. M. I. (2020). Removal of Copper Using Activated Carbon Adsorbent and Its Antibacterial Antifungal Activity. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 31(1), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2020/v31i130202
Section
Original Research Article

References

Bulut Y. Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by sawdust adsorption. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2007;19(2):160-166.

Sevil Veli, Bilge Alyuz. Adsorption of copper and zinc from aqueous solutions by using natural clay. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2007;149:226–233.

Dimple Lakherwal. Adsorption of heavy metals: A review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Develop-ment. 2014;4(1):41-48.

Teker Murat, Mustafa İmamoglu, Ömer Saltabas. Adsorption of copper and cadmium lons by activated carbon from rice hulls. Turkish Journal of Chemistry. 1999;23(2):185-192.

Dizadji N, Rashtchi M, Dehpouri S, Nouri N. Experimental investigation of adsorption of copper from aqueous solution using vermiculite and clinoptilolite. Int. J. Environ. Res. 2013;7(4):887-894.

Walaikorn Nitayaphat. Utilization of chitosan/bamboo charcoal composite as reactive dye adsorbent. Chiang Mai J. Sci. 2014;41(1):174-183.

Gaur N, Dhankhar R. Removal of Zn+2 ions from aqueous solution using Anabaena variabilis: Equilibrium and kinetic studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. 2009;3(4):605-616.

Salmani MH, Ehrampoush MH, Sheikhalishahi S, Dehvari M. Removing copper from contaminated water using activated carbon sorbent by continuous flow. Journal of Health Researches. 2012;1(1):11-18.

Abdunnaser Mohamed Etorki, Mahmoud El-Rais, Mohamed Tahher Mahabbis, Nayef Mohamed Moussa. Removal of some heavy metals from wastewater by using of Fava Beans. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 2014;5:225-234.

Gurusamy Annadurai, Ruey-Shin Juang, Duu-Jong Leea. Factorial design analysis for adsorption of dye on activated carbon beads incorporated with calcium alginate. Advances in Environmental Research. 2002;6:191-198.

Harith Jabbar Fahad Al-Mathkhury, Adnan Hasan Afaj, Waad Emad Kasid. Bioremoval of aquatic environment lead by immobilized cells of Enterobacter spp. Journal of Life Sciences. 2011;5:967- 973.

Buesseler KO, Bauer JE, Chen RF, Eglinton TI, Gustafsson O, Landing W, Mopper K, Moran SB, Santschi PH, Vernon Clark R, Wells ML. An inter-comparison of cross-flow filtration techniques used for sampling marine colloids: Overview and organic carbon results. Marine Chemistry. 1996;55(1-2):1-31.

Annadurai G, Juang RS, Lee DJ. Use of cellulose-based wastes for adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials B. 2002;92:263-274.

Rafatullah M, Sulaiman O, Hashim R, Ahmad A. Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: A review. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2010;177(1-3):70-80.

Yadanaparthi SKR, Graybill D, von Wandruszka R. Adsorbents for the removal of arsenic, cadmium and lead from contaminated waters. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2009;171(1-3):1-15.

Ahmaruzzaman M. Adsorption of phenolic compounds on low-cost adsorbents: A review. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. 2008;143(1-2):48-67.

Du Wen Li, Zi Rong Xu, Xin Yan Han, Ying Lei Xu, Zhi Guo Miao. Preparation, characterization and adsorption properties of chitosan nanoparticles for eosin Y as a model anionic dye. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008;153(1-2):152-156.

McGillicuddy E, Morrison L, Cormican M, Dockery P, Morris D. Activated charcoal as a capture material for silver nanoparticles in environmental water samples. Science of the Total Environment. 2018;645:356–362.

Lakshmi SD, Pramod K. Avti, Gurumurthy Hegde. Activated carbon nanoparticles from biowaste as new generation antimicrobial agents: A review. Nano-Structures & Nano-Objects. 2018;16:306–321.

Mary R. Louis, Laxmi Gayatri Sorokhaibam, Vinay M. Bhandari, Sunita Bundale. Multifunctional activated carbon with antimicrobial property derived from Delonix regia biomaterial for treatment of wastewater. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2018;6:169–181.

Jamshidi M, Ghaedi M, Dashtian K, Hajati S, Bazrafshan AA. Sonochemical assisted hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO:Cr nanoparticles loaded activated carbon for simultaneous ultrasound-assisted adsorp-tion of ternary toxic organic dye: Derivative spectrophotometric, optimization, kinetic and isotherm study. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry. 2016;32:119-131.

Ayeshamariam A, Sankaracharyulu GV, Kashif M, Hussain S, Bououdina M, Jayachandran M. Antibacterial activity studies of Ni and SnO2 loaded chitosan beads. In Materials Science Forum. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2015;832:110-122.

Perumalsamy R, Prabhavathi G, Saravanakkumar D, Shafeera NN, Ayeshamariam A, Sivabharathy M, Jayachandran M. Synthesis and characterization of indium tin oxide with neem extract for antioxidant applications. European Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2019;30(4):1-9.

Saravanakkumar D, Sivaranjani S, Kaviyarasu K, Ayeshamariam A, Ravikumar B, Pandiarajan S, Veeralakshmi C, Jayachandran M, Maaza M. Synthesis and characterization of ZnO–CuO nanocomposites powder by modified perfume spray pyrolysis method and its antimicrobial investigation. Journal of Semiconductors. 2018;39:033001-1-8.

Geetha N, Sivaranjani S, Ayeshamariam A, Kavin Micheal M, Saravankkumar D, Fowziya SA, Uduman Mohideen AM, Jayachandran M. ZnO/TiO2 nanocompo-sites semiconductor for bacterial applications and dye-sensitized solar cell solar applications. Journal of Advanced Microscopy Research. 2018;13:1–9.