Traditionally Used Anti-hepatitis Plants Species in Dakar District, Senegal

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Kady Diatta
William Diatta
Alioune Dior Fall
Serigne Ibra Mbacké Dieng
Amadou Ibrahima Mbaye
Paulèle Aynina Fall

Abstract

Viral etiologies especially viral hepatitis B remain an area of concern sub-Saharan Africa with a variable prevalence between countries. Ethnobotanical knowledge of medicinal plants used in the treatment of viral hepatitis, in particular, viral hepatitis B, was conducted in the District of Dakar (Senegal). Forty-two participants were surveyed, which included  18 herbalists, 19 Traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs)and 5 resource persons. Fifty-one plant species were documented from forty-seven genera and thirty families. The most frequently mentioned families were; Fabaceae (11 species); Meliaceae, (4 species); Rubiaceae and Combretaceae (3 species each); Annonnacaea, Malvaceae, Rutaceae and Asteraceae (2 species each). All other families were represented by a single species. The decoction was the most common method of préparation (66.66%).  Leaves and trunk bark were the plant parts of the plant most used. The most commonly used species were: Tinospora bakis (85.71%), Gardiena ternifolia (73.8%), Calotropis procera (71.42%), Carica papaya (66.66%), Citrus aurantifolia (64.28%) and Cochlospermum tinctorium (61.9%). It is concluded that the hepatoprotective properties of these plants are certainly induced by chemical compounds that will have to be identified later through phytochemical research.

Keywords:
Dakar, phytotherapy anti hepatitis, protective hepato activity, tradipraticians.

Article Details

How to Cite
Diatta, K., Diatta, W., Fall, A. D., Dieng, S. I. M., Mbaye, A. I., & Fall, P. A. (2019). Traditionally Used Anti-hepatitis Plants Species in Dakar District, Senegal. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 29(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejmp/2019/v29i230150
Section
Original Research Article

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